(Glossogobius giuris) is a freshwater fish native to Mainit Lake. It is called “biya” in Tagalog and “white goby or tank goby” in English. The term “pidjanga” is also sometimes fondly used to refer to the Mainitnons, the people of the Municipality of Mainit, a town in Southern Philippines. This blog hopes to capture potentials of Migrants Pidjangas for the Development of our Town by attempting to document development issues, folk stories, and current concerns, about the Pidjanga — both the fish and the people.

Historical Timeline of Mainit Surigao del Norte

Author: Zimmbodilion Yap Mosende
Version 1: December 2005
Version 2. June 2008
Version 3. August 2009
Version 4. November 2011

*Founding of Numancia (Patron Saint: Our Lady of Carmen) serving as the headquarters of Eastern Mindanao (3rd of 6 Mindanao districts) comprising the areas from Surigao to Mati.15, 16

*Systematic evangelization of Provincia de Caraga – with 8 Recollects from Manila headed by Fray Miguel de Sta. Maria, OAR. From Tandag, they branched out to outstations in the district, namely, Butuan, Surigao, Dinagat, Gigacuit, Numancia, Cantilan, Lianga, and Bislig. 14, 15

*Mainit must have been part of the Gigacuit mission station 16.

*Maps of Murillo Vellarde (1734) and Francisco Alegre (1751) in the book of Fray Combes (1667) mentioned the Lake of Mainit. 16

*Pueblo de Mainit was part of the 1749 census of Caraga as recorded in the Recoleto Archives in Marcilla, Spain. Population was 610 (seis-cientos diez almas). Gigacuit had 700, Surigao 500, and Dinagat 600. 16 (pp 251 & 258)

1752 (October to November)
*Burning of Mainit parish by the moros together with the other parishes of Caraga. 16

Barangay Mansayao

Barangay Hall of Barangay Mansayao, Mainit, Surigao del Norte

Aug 29, 2008

The Cleaner Pool

Courtesy of Mana Aida (see her Flickr account here).

Source: Flickr

Apr 28, 2009

Barangay Magsaysay (Poblacion)

Barangay Hall of Barangay Magsaysay (in Poblacion), Mainit, Surigao del Norte

Aug 28, 2008

Maradjao karadjao, Pilipinas!

Welcome to the online home of the Pidjangas from the Municipality of Mainit, Surigao del Norte, PHILIPPINES . Pidjanga, Pedianga, Pijanga, Pedjanga... amo ra ton... gikan sa ato danao! For comments and suggestion contact me at

CBCP News: Mining threatens 4th largest freshwater lake in PH

SEVEN are in the town of Mainit, Surigao del Norte... of the 15 exploration permits (EP) that the Regional Office 13 (CARAGA) of the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) of the Environment department approved as of June 30, 2010.

Read more at and Surigao Today.

If you want to support the protection of Lake Mainit, contact me at pidjangaATgmailDOTcom or 0917-800-4557. Zimm/Peter/Pidjanga

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