(Glossogobius giuris) is a freshwater fish native to Mainit Lake. It is called “biya” in Tagalog and “white goby or tank goby” in English. The term “pidjanga” is also sometimes fondly used to refer to the Mainitnons, the people of the Municipality of Mainit, a town in Southern Philippines. This blog hopes to capture potentials of Migrants Pidjangas for the Development of our Town by attempting to document development issues, folk stories, and current concerns, about the Pidjanga — both the fish and the people.

Historical Timeline of Mainit Surigao del Norte

Author: Zimmbodilion Yap Mosende
Version 1: December 2005
Version 2. June 2008
Version 3. August 2009
Version 4. November 2011

*Founding of Numancia (Patron Saint: Our Lady of Carmen) serving as the headquarters of Eastern Mindanao (3rd of 6 Mindanao districts) comprising the areas from Surigao to Mati.15, 16

*Systematic evangelization of Provincia de Caraga – with 8 Recollects from Manila headed by Fray Miguel de Sta. Maria, OAR. From Tandag, they branched out to outstations in the district, namely, Butuan, Surigao, Dinagat, Gigacuit, Numancia, Cantilan, Lianga, and Bislig. 14, 15

*Mainit must have been part of the Gigacuit mission station 16.

*Maps of Murillo Vellarde (1734) and Francisco Alegre (1751) in the book of Fray Combes (1667) mentioned the Lake of Mainit. 16

*Pueblo de Mainit was part of the 1749 census of Caraga as recorded in the Recoleto Archives in Marcilla, Spain. Population was 610 (seis-cientos diez almas). Gigacuit had 700, Surigao 500, and Dinagat 600. 16 (pp 251 & 258)

1752 (October to November)
*Burning of Mainit parish by the moros together with the other parishes of Caraga. 16

Habal-habal Singul

Photo: Totskie Mosende
Post: Zimmbodilion

Pagusi (Nymphea sp.)

Pagusi or Water Lotus (Nymphea sp.) is very common in Mainit Lake.

The green mature fruits are edible (peanut-like) and are usually sold in the public markets.


By: Zimmbodilion Y. Mosende
Mar 31, 2006

Categories: , , , , , ,

Biko ni Ya' Mila

Photo: Monyx Libarnes (
Post: Zimmbodilion (
Nov 30, 2007

Tagbuyawan + Tambulayag - MAMATPA Paradise

Tambulayag view.

Tambulayag beach.

Tambulayag beach rock. (We can name it in Minainit too... suggestions please!)

A Mamatpa-hired tree planter. Background: Tambulayag.

Lake Mainit side. The sun was already high hence bad angle for the lens. But Pastor Casera says this is spectacular at night especially on a full moon.

The cemented road from the Mamatpa point, going down to Tambulayag.

The Mamatpa summit. We brought the Innova and in my calculation, Mamatpa is just less than 30 minutes from Poblacion Mainit.

Post: Zimm (
Aug 30, 2007

Maradjao karadjao, Pilipinas!

Welcome to the online home of the Pidjangas from the Municipality of Mainit, Surigao del Norte, PHILIPPINES . Pidjanga, Pedianga, Pijanga, Pedjanga... amo ra ton... gikan sa ato danao! For comments and suggestion contact me at

CBCP News: Mining threatens 4th largest freshwater lake in PH

SEVEN are in the town of Mainit, Surigao del Norte... of the 15 exploration permits (EP) that the Regional Office 13 (CARAGA) of the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) of the Environment department approved as of June 30, 2010.

Read more at and Surigao Today.

If you want to support the protection of Lake Mainit, contact me at pidjangaATgmailDOTcom or 0917-800-4557. Zimm/Peter/Pidjanga

Mainit: Lungsod na Pinayangga

Mainit, Kami Muoli Ra

Surigao Song

Mainit, Our Paraiso