(Glossogobius giuris) is a freshwater fish native to Mainit Lake. It is called “biya” in Tagalog and “white goby or tank goby” in English.

The term “pidjanga” is also sometimes fondly used to refer to the Mainitnons, the people of the Municipality of Mainit, a town in Southern Philippines.

This blog hopes to capture potentials of Migrants Pidjangas for the Development of our Town by attempting to document development issues, folk stories, and current concerns, about the Pidjanga — both the fish and the people.

Historical Timeline of Mainit Surigao del Norte

Author: Zimmbodilion Yap Mosende
Version 1: December 2005
Version 2. June 2008
Version 3. August 2009
Version 4. November 2011

*Founding of Numancia (Patron Saint: Our Lady of Carmen) serving as the headquarters of Eastern Mindanao (3rd of 6 Mindanao districts) comprising the areas from Surigao to Mati.15, 16

*Systematic evangelization of Provincia de Caraga – with 8 Recollects from Manila headed by Fray Miguel de Sta. Maria, OAR. From Tandag, they branched out to outstations in the district, namely, Butuan, Surigao, Dinagat, Gigacuit, Numancia, Cantilan, Lianga, and Bislig. 14, 15

*Mainit must have been part of the Gigacuit mission station 16.

*Maps of Murillo Vellarde (1734) and Francisco Alegre (1751) in the book of Fray Combes (1667) mentioned the Lake of Mainit. 16

*Pueblo de Mainit was part of the 1749 census of Caraga as recorded in the Recoleto Archives in Marcilla, Spain. Population was 610 (seis-cientos diez almas). Gigacuit had 700, Surigao 500, and Dinagat 600. 16 (pp 251 & 258)

1752 (October to November)
*Burning of Mainit parish by the moros together with the other parishes of Caraga. 16


An tagalog nan kapadjas kay Papaya.

Originally from Mexico and the Americas (read here).

Lami kilawon labi na kun hinog-hinog, isawsaw dajon sa aslom na suka. Pero nan gagmay pa kami, bala namo jaon sa pusil-pusil. May single-shot may design isab nan rapid-fire ala armalite. Uman, ato kaw?

Minainit Series - Endangered Fruits of Mainit

Let us preserve our "endangered" fruits in Mainit

I am sure that the old ones and not-so-old ones will still remember the following fruits we enjoyed in the olden days:
1. Pudjusan (pojosan)
2. Mangya
3. Lambunao (wild Lansones kuno ini)
4. Poyangi
5. Tisa
6. Bayono
7. Kayape
8. Pagusi (Nymphea sp.)
9. Kandiis
10. Lomboy (Duhat)
11. Hagashas
12. Mabolo (Diospyros blancoi) aka Velvet Apple and Magcono Tree
13. Mansanitas
14. Hantutuknaw
15. Santa Maria

Mano Banoy suggested that we feature them here and identify how the Pidjanga community could help preserve or propagate these species for our children and grandchildren.

So far, I have featured at least 3, although usually by accident. These are the Kayape, Pagusi, and Mabolo.

What if we ran "Take Photos and get a Lake Mainit Shirt" contest? Whoever is able to take photos of at least 5 of the above will receive a Lake Mainit Shirt (check here). Photos will be featured in the Pidjanga blog and other Surigaonon websites (di ba Monyx?).

Let's see if I can find willing sponsors. What do you think?

PS: Honestly, I have never seen a Mangya, Poyangi, nor a Hagashas in my life.

Sep 7, 2009

Additional contribution from Ranulfo Banzon Lincuna (28 Sep 2011)

  1. mangya
  2. puyangi
  3. libas
  4. tabon tabon
  5. suwa nan perada
  6. balibayon
  7. sijotis
  8. lambunaw
  9. kandiis
  10. banilad
  11. tambis na puti/puya(native)
  12. nangka 
  13. hamuyan
  14. mabolo
  15. ,lambog
  16. pagoha
  17. payaw
  18. kuyot
  19. unaw
  20. sibujin
  21. karija
  22. himbabuyna
  23. duyaw

Minainit Series 101

  1. Nguta (v): (Vis.), nguya (Tag.), chew (Eng.)
  2. Ngasab, Sabsab (v): (Vis.), nguya (Tag.), chew (Eng.) [for animals, like carabao]
  3. Bagduy-bagdoy, Suroy-suroy (v): - (Vis.), pasyal na walang patutunguhan(Tag.), - (Eng.)
  4. Motibaw, Subajon (v): sunda (Vis.), - (Tag.), follow, trail (Eng.)
  5. Lubibali, Kibali (c): (Vis.), kunyari (Tag.), for example (Eng.)
  6. Tap-ingun, Malipa (a): hugaw (Vis.), marumi (Tag.), dirty (Eng.)
  7. Tagkayudjag, Tagganahan (v): giganahan (Vis.), nagustuhan (Tag.), liked (Eng.)
  8. Katren-sirahan (a): - (Vis.), - (Tag.), - (Eng.)
  9. Bagtu (v): - (Vis.), - (Tag.), - (Eng.) [Ex:"Umay bagtu did-on?"]
  10. Tampalingon, Dapajon (v): sagpaon (Vis.), samplin (Tag.), - (Eng.)

Maradjao karadjao, Pilipinas!

Welcome to the online home of the Pidjangas from the Municipality of Mainit, Surigao del Norte, PHILIPPINES . Pidjanga, Pedianga, Pijanga, Pedjanga... amo ra ton... gikan sa ato danao! For comments and suggestion contact me at

CBCP News: Mining threatens 4th largest freshwater lake in PH

SEVEN are in the town of Mainit, Surigao del Norte... of the 15 exploration permits (EP) that the Regional Office 13 (CARAGA) of the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) of the Environment department approved as of June 30, 2010.

Read more at and Surigao Today.

If you want to support the protection of Lake Mainit, contact me at pidjangaATgmailDOTcom or 0917-800-4557. Zimm/Peter/Pidjanga

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